Although to the majority of people reading may seem a straightforward task, in reality it is a complex process that requires time and effort to learn well. For a child with dyslexia this is even more difficult, because they do not interpret the symbols they see on the page in the same way as others who do not have this learning difficulty.
Dyslexia is the main cause of reading problems and difficulties in understanding texts at school. It can also be a cause of school failure if it isn't detected and worked with in time to avoid the child losing ground in their class because of this difficulty.
For a child with dyslexia, reading can be very frustrating; so much so that the child may give up trying to read well. Children with dyslexia need to receive positive encouragement to read, helping them to understand that they are simply experiencing a difficulty that can be overcome with effort and the right support.
A lot of patience is needed to help a child with dyslexia, and it is very helpful to collaborate with a specialist support teacher trained to work with this kind of learning difficulty who can teach the parents the type of exercises they can do at home to reinforce the techniques that the teacher is using in class.
One way of motivating the child when practicing at home is to ask them to tell us what the teacher has been teaching and what their advances have been. However small these advances may be, for the child they will be great achievements, so we must recognize them as such and show enthusiasm.
In this way the child will feel more prepared to continue their efforts, because they will see that the work they are doing is bearing fruit and helping them to improve, as well as understanding that their family is interested in their progress at school, which will make them feel important. Some techniques that can help a child with dyslexia include reading by spelling out (we can work with the child, asking them to concentrate on each letter of a word, and what it spells), reading complete syllables, understanding a simple text (to stimulate reading comprehension we can ask the child to read a small fragment and after two or three readings ask them to explain in their own words what they have read) and playing at storytelling (so the child learns the correct intonation of the sentences you can work with them reading sentences of different complexity, exaggerating the intonation, as if they were performing in a theater).
A very simple text to read with your child and to use to practice storytelling is Silver Buttons. You can practice by reproducing the topics. This is a book that tells the story of the brief moments and coincidences that any child will experience and observe in everyday life. The pictures predominate and the text is very short, making it easy to read with children.